As of this writing, Bitcoin prices in USD are about >250% year-to-date. I was wrong on my bearish view, last November. That post was full of well thought out underlying weaknesses in Bitcoin and a Random Forest model predicting a year-end 2020 price of around $9,000. It’s clear that Bitcoin and the crypto-space are like the early days of the Internet. Models based on historic price movements and traditional valuation models don’t work because the technology is so new. As stated by Marc Andresson, cryptocurrencies are correcting the Internet’s original sin:
…So I think the original sin was that we couldn’t actually build economics, which is to say money, at the core of the internet.Source
Instead of models, let’s look at three big-picture trends.
- Currency digitization is coming fast – the pandemic has accelerated digitization of everything by years, if not decades. As individuals become comfortable with digital currencies, they will increasingly become comfortable with Bitcoin, as digital Gold, a safe-harbor asset.
- Bitcoin is computer code. Computer code and software have proven to be unstoppable. Short of complete civilization collapse, there is no reason to bet against software. While the legal theory is still debatable, a ban on Bitcoin by governments is increasingly unlikely.
- Bitcoin is appealing to the wealthy and poor, the former to preserve their nomadic status, and to the latter as a “middle finger” to public sector rot, increasing autocracy, and rising inequality.
If you still really want a model, I built a new one, updating data through December. It predicts a 12-month out price of ~$21k. I am certain it will be right or wrong. HODL at your own risk. Full code and data are on my GitHub under post 82.
The pandemic has accelerated the digitization of our economy by years. Dozens of countries around the world are contemplating Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDC’s). Turkey recently announced CBDC tests for 2021. And China has been working on its own CBDC for years. But doesn’t this mean governments will get in on the game, and render Bitcoin meaningless? Doesn’t this mean that autocracies will gain even greater control of people’s lives?
There are important factors that can sustain Bitcoin:
Exposure Breeds Familiarity
First, CBDCs will expose billions, not just the millions involved in crypto, to digital currencies. This familiarity will mean more individuals will be comfortable with all forms of digitial currencies, centralized or decentralized.
CBDCs Are Still Fiat
CBDCs feel more like significant upgrades to payment infrastructures, not money free of government control. Central banks will still set monetary policy and print money when they determine it necessary. In fact, you could argue that digital currencies will make it easier for central banks to achieve policy goals, such as direct deposits to individuals.
Bitcoin allows anyone to store and transfer value without the risk of debasement, censorship, or seizure. Individuals will still use it as a safe harbor asset, increasingly instead of Gold. Gold has a market cap of $10 trillion, Bitcoin is currently at around $500B. You do the math.
Investments Will Ensure Cryptographic Security
Once governments and central banks are all-in, massive private and public investments will be made to ensure that CBDCs are cryptographically secure from advances such as quantum computing. These advances will benefit all blockchain-based systems, including Bitcoin.
Odds of Governments Banning Bitcoin Are Shrinking
Critics of Bitcoin, myself included, have expected governments to ban Bitcoin, out of fear of losing control of monetary policy. I’m beginning to change my mind on this one.
Largest Companies Allocating and Investing
Many of our more important companies continue to build in the space, including Facebook. Some are investing in startups, such as American Express. Others, like MicroStrategy, have made headlines for investing in Bitcoin as part of corporate treasury activities.
Investment Activity Exploding
Venture investment in cryptocurrencies is exploding. Per The Block, over $900M was invested in blockchain startups in Q3 2020. Top-tier investors are jumping on board as well, see here, here, and here.
Legal Standing is Up for Debate
Crypto enthusiasts often cite legal cases to argue that computer code is free speech and thus cannot be censored. A few years ago, Apple argued this point. Expect this unsettled debate to continue for a long time
Public Sector Decline is Accelerating Adoption
I’ve written extensively that we live in an era of public sector decline. That has been made clear this year, with shockingly poor government responses to COVID-19, from cover-ups in China to incompetence in the U.S. I’ve further written that when threatened, you can expect the public sector to lash out and that all event risk lies with them. Scarily, that backlash comes in the form of rising autocracy, in places in you’d expect it and those you would not.
When the Rich Invest. . .
Let’s start with the rich. In a globalized world, they already live nomadic existences, easily shifting assets and themselves between cities and countries. For them, Bitcoin is the ultimate tool to remain free of cumbersome roots and pesky politicians. it is today’s equivalent of priceless art that you can roll up into a canister and carry across war-torn borders. As Niall Ferguson writes in his book The Ascent of Money:
In a new edition of my book, The Ascent of Money, two years ago, I observed that if all the millionaires in the world collectively decided to hold 0.2% of their assets in Bitcoin, the Bitcoin price would be $15,000, which it reached this year. If it was 1%, then the price would be $75,000 per Bitcoin. So, as people adopt this as a new form of asset that has a respectable place in a diversified portfolio, there is still quite a bit of upside.Source
. . .And Everyone Else
Inequality continues to rise, dramatically exacerbated by absolutely bungled responses to COVID-19. the pandemic. While Senators have found time to execute trades in companies benefitting from the pandemic and the President’s campaign found time to raise >$200M after losing, millions lost unemployment benefits this weekend.
So maybe it’s not just the rich who will get in on the action. Per Wikipedia:
A bitcoin can be divided down to 8 decimal places. Therefore, 0.00000001 BTC is the smallest amount that can be handled in a transaction. If necessary, the protocol and related software can be modified to handle even smaller amounts.Source
When you’re earning zero percent in the bank, why not shift some cash to Bitcoin? It feels like the ultimate “middle-finger” to elites. Now that he is a few weeks from becoming a private citizen with a bone to pick with the D.C. establishment, expect President Trump to change his tune from 2019. Back then, as a DC insider likely on his way to reelection, he said this:
Any opinions or forecasts contained herein reflect the personal and subjective judgments and assumptions of the author only. There can be no assurance that developments will transpire as forecasted and actual results will be different. The accuracy of data is not guaranteed but represents the author’s best judgment and can be derived from a variety of sources. The information is subject to change at any time without notice.